Frequently Asked Questions: Anil Aggrawal's Internet Journal of Forensic Medicine
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What is an electronic journal?

An electronic journal is one which can be accessed using electronic media, say your computer or internet. A journal on a floppy or CD-ROM is a good example of an electronic journal. Some journals don't come on a floppy or a CD-ROM, but exist over the internet. This is also an example of an electronic journal. Some journals such as the British Medical Journal exist both on electronic and paper form, while some others such as this journal exist only on the internet. This is a true electronic journal.

How many electronic journals are there over the internet today?

I am aware of, and have been able to access about a dozen of them, and I have provided links to all of them in my home page. However Anil Aggrawal's Internet Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology remains India's first true electronic journal on any subject and world's first electronic journal on Forensic Medicine. It was started on February 25, 2000.

Why is your journal called "Anil Aggrawal's Internet Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology"? Wouldn't it be better if it were simply called "Internet Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology"?

I thought about this before I started this journal. I hope everyone will agree with me, that Internet is growing very fast and soon there are going to be more internet journals on the net. Already there are several, as you can find from the links on my page. I have no doubt in my mind, that in five years' time (or may be sooner than that), we might be talking of more than one internet journal of forensic medicine. Worse, there could be tens of them! If all journals were called "Internet Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology", how would we be able to differentiate one journal from the other? Perhaps by renaming this journal at that time to "Anil Aggrawal's Internet Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology"! Then why not now right from the beginning.

But isn't it somewhat unusual for a journal to be named after its editor?

No, not at all. There are a number of journals named after their editors. The famous Isaac Asimov's Science Fiction Magazine was named after its editor (of whom I am a great admirer incidentally). There are also the excellent Ernst Schering Research Foundation Workshop, and Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery, both of whom are indexed journals. Among books, Harrison's Principles and Practice of Medicine and Goodman & Gilman's Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics are just two examples named after their editors.

Your font is very large and you need to change it. When I tried to print this paper it turned out to be 48 pages because of the font used!!!!! Similarly many of the photographs appearing in your journal appear very big to me. Can't you reduce their size somewhat?

Some people have been telling me this. I have been preparing this page on my 17" Screen with the screen resolution at 1600x1200 True color (32 bit), and the font and pictures appear perfectly okay to me. Try increasing your screen resolution at this level, and everything must appear normal to you as well. If your screen does not give the option of going upto 1600x1200 pixels, quite probably your display card does not support this high resolution, and you might want to upgrade your display card. However even with older display cards and with 14" or 15" screens you can still adjust at least the font yourself. If you are using Netscape, go to View -> Decrease font. Repeated applications of this command would let you decrease font size as you wish. You can similarly increase the font size too. Or simply use the command "Ctrl+[" for decreasing the font and "Ctrl+]" for increasing it. There are similar commands in Internet Explorer, or any other browser you are using. In case you wish to take out a print, you can use this trick. Select the entire screen by pressing Ctrl+A, then Press Ctrl+C to copy all to Clipboard. Now open Word (or whatever word processor you are using), open a blank document and press Ctrl+V. It will paste the entire thing there. Now press Ctrl+A once again to select everything in Word, and now chose any font size you like (for that matter, you can now chose a different font appearance, color and so on). And now you can take print out.

If nothing helps, see the answer to the next question please?

How can I make PDF files of these pages?

This is quite easy. In addition, printing from PDF files may be helpful, if the hints given in the above answer do not help. Try converting the file to pdf format and take print outs from that. Take for example the Book Review of "The Poison Quiz Book" By Trestrail, hosted here.
It is a typical page which presents problems in printing, because it contains so many high resolution graphics and boxes. To convert this page to PDF file you must have Adobe Distiller installed in your computer. If you do not have this software, you can download it from Adobe site. After you have installed the software do this: Load the page fully first (I am assuming you are using Netscape Navigator, but there should be equivalent commands in Internet Explorer too).

Once the page has fully loaded, go to File option in Netscape, and choose File ->Page Setup. In "page options" check the dialogue box "Print Backgrounds". If you do not check this box, you will not get the yellow background. Now go to "Print Preview" and see everything is alright.

Assuming that everything is alright, go to File->Print. In the printer name, select Acrobat Distiller (this option will only be available if you have the distiller installed in your computer!) ->Print range (all). Now Go to Properties (in the print dialogue box itself)->Choose "Paper" tab -> Choose paper size (letter or A4 might be the best)->Layout (1 up)->Orientation (Portrait)

Now go to Graphics tab->Reduce the scaling from 100% to 50%. This is the MAIN TRICK.

For the enthusiasts, if you increase scaling to 150%, the results would be even more disastrous than those at 100% (which is the default). Scaling 40% or 60% will give you reasonably good files, but 50% might be the best.

You can actually include watermarks in the document too. To do this, go to "Watermarks" dialogue box and do the needful.

If nothing helps, Email me, and let me know where the problem is occurring. Or simply tell me the URL of the page you want to print. I will make a PDF file myself and send it over to you via Email. I can not paste these files on the page itself because of space problems.

What is the frequency of publication of this journal?

Twice a year. The first issue was the Jan-June 2000 Version, and the current issue is in your hand. Once a new issue makes its appearance, the contents of the old journal would be shifted to the Archives section, from where they could be retrieved just like you retrieve papers from old journals in a library.

I am a post-graduate student in forensic medicine, and want to present one of the papers appearing in this journal in a "Journal Club" being organized by our department every week. Can I take a print out of these papers and present them?

Yeah, by all means. Feel free to do so.

Are the papers appearing on this journal peer-reviewed? Who are the editors of this journal?

Yes. Please look for our International Board of Editors page. The Board consists of at least two experts from each continent.

Can I quote these papers in my book or papers? If so, how?

Yes, you can do so by all means. This is now a perfectly normal and acceptable way of quoting electronic papers. For details on how to quote the papers, please go to the home page.

Don't you think, such electronic journals ultimately serve as repositories of rejected papers from properly established journals?

Not necessarily. Electronic journals are growing fast, and now researchers write papers especially for such journals. In fact, all the papers we have received were written especially for this journal. Furthermore, as you can read in the Journal's home page, this journal actually has a slightly different scope from that of Paper Journals. Electronic journals do have several advantages over the traditional Paper Journals, which have been enumerated in the home page.

What advantages does an electronic or internet journal hold over the traditional "paper" journals. In fact, why do we need an internet journal at all, when we have so many good quality "paper" journals?

An internet journal holds several advantages over traditional journals. For instance if you have a paper with several colour photographs, a traditional paper journal would hesitate to publish it, no matter how good your paper is. Certainly you would be asked to reduce the number of photographs, or have them published in Black and White. We don't do that. A good example is Dr. Jasuja's Paper, published in the very first issue of this journal. It has nine good quality color photographs, and we published all of them in COLOR. In fact papers most suited for an internet journal are those which have a lot of color photographs.

Another advantage of this journal is that we are publishing theses and dissertations in full. Several dissertations are written all over the world, but they ultimately find a place in local libraries. Professionals from other nations (even from other parts of the same country) often don't get a chance to peruse through those dissertations. By publishing these dissertations, for the first time, we are making these dissertations available to all the professionals of the world. And if the E-mails I am getting daily is any indication, the citation index of these dissertations has increased dramatically after they were put on the net. Probably just this single reason justifies the existence of this journal. Ask any traditional "paper" journal if they would be interested in publishing your dissertation in full, and you would know the answer to your question.

The journal even has a social value. We have an obituary section, where we mention the achievements of forensic personnel who have recently departed. A condolence book is maintained at the bottom of these obituary sections, where one can offer condolences by signing it, making it a very interactive journal. Obviously paper journals can't offer this. The maximum they can do is to run an obituary and that's it.

Furthermore when readers access a particular paper, they can rate the paper through a voting box maintained at the bottom of each paper. This way we can know the opinion of other peers reading their papers. This internet poll is a unique way for the author to know, how his paper is being received by the audience. This kind of thing can not be achieved by a paper journal.

Readers who read a paper, often leave their own experiences in the related field, in the guest book maintained at the bottom of each paper. A subsequent expert visiting the paper may not only leave comments on the main paper, but even on the comments left by previous experts! Thus the combined wisdom of all of us grows with time, from which all of us can take benefit.

There is a search box maintained on the main page. If you are looking for papers on a particular topic, say hanging or poroscopy, all you have to do is to type this word in the search box, and click. The search engine would automatically take you to the papers related to these subjects.

There are several other advantages. For a fuller discussion, please refer to the home page.

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 This page has been constructed and maintained by Dr. Anil Aggrawal, Professor of Forensic Medicine, at the Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi-110002. You may want to give me the feedback to make this pages better. Please be kind enough to write your comments in the guestbook maintained above. These comments would help me make these pages better.

IMPORTANT NOTE: ALL PAPERS APPEARING IN THIS ONLINE JOURNAL ARE COPYRIGHTED BY "ANIL AGGRAWAL'S INTERNET JOURNAL OF FORENSIC MEDICINE AND TOXICOLOGY" AND MAY NOT BE REPOSTED, REPRINTED OR OTHERWISE USED IN ANY MANNER WITHOUT THE WRITTEN PERMISSION OF THE WEBMASTER

Questions or suggestions ? Please use  ICQ 19727771 or email to dr_anil@hotmail.com

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