Technical Books on Forensic Science and Forensic Medicine: Anil Aggrawal's Internet Journal of Forensic Medicine, Vol.10, No. 2, July - December 2009
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Anil Aggrawal's Internet Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology

Volume 10, Number 2, July - December 2009

Book Reviews: Technical Books Section

(Page 9)


AN EXCELLENT BOOK ON FORENSIC ODONTOLOGY

quote start...This is perhaps the first book which gives information on the forensic examination of dental structure in such great detail... and with so many illustrative photographs... A must for all medical examiners, investigators, dental specialists, forensic odontologists, lawyers, and expert witnesses...quote end


 Dental Autopsy, 1st Edition, by William E. Silver and Richard R. Souviron. Hard Bound, 10.1" x 7.2" x 0.6".
CRC Press LLC, 2000 Corporate Blvd., N.W., Boca Raton, Florida 33431, Phone - 1(800)272-7737, Fax - 1(800)374-3401. Publication Date June 23, 2009. 276 pages, ISBN-10: 1420070134; ISBN-13: 978-1420070132 (alk. paper). Price: $129.95

 Visit the Official site of this book by clicking here

 Buy from Amazon by clicking here.

Dental Autopsy, First Edition by William E. Silver and Richard R. Souviron
Click above picture to buy from Amazon. Click here to enlarge picture

The book under review is a comprehensive treatise on forensic odontology. It is organized for field and lab reference. One of the most valuable aspects of the book is that it has been illustrated with more than 300 color photos.

The main aim of the book is to educate the dental, medical and legal professions in the conduct of a forensic dental examination of the oral structures and its many ramifications in the criminal justice system as well as in civil litigation. The book must prove to be an essential resource for medical examiners, investigators, dental specialists, lawyers, and expert witnesses.

The value of the book is enhanced by the actual case law that it provides. For instance on page 151, it gives the first ever case in the United States, where a bitemark was used to link a suspect to the crime. The criminal - a person named Doyle - after committing a burglary, quite naively bit into some cheese that was available at the scene of crime. In this 1954 Texas case (State v. Doyle, Texas, 1954), Dr. William Kemp, a Texas dentist testified that the bites in the piece of cheese at the scene of crime was indeed made by the suspect Doyle! Interestingly in this case, the police obtained the sample bitemark evidence from Doyle without a court order. Doyle later argued (in appeal) that this was a violation of his Fifth Amendment rights (protection against self-incrimination). However the appellate court did not agree with his argument and allowed the prosecution.

In Association with Amazon.com

The book - which is one of the best in the field so far - has been written by Dr. William Silver and Dr. Richard Souviron. Silver is the deputy chief forensic odontologist for the Miami Dade Medical Examiner's Department. He has worked on numerous mass disasters and training programs, offering his expertise in dental identifications in the World Trade Center disaster, Hurricane Katrina, and the Miami Valujet crash. Dr. Richard Souviron is the chief forensic odontologist for the Miami Dade Medical Examiner's Department and is one of the founding forensic odontologists for the Odontology section of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences. He has been involved in several high profilebitemark cases and has appeared on Court TV, 60 Minutes, Forensic Files, Dateline, CNN, and BBC.
Click here to read an exclusive interview with Dr. Silver and Dr. Souviron.

Here is a list of book contents, so readers may know exactly what kind of information to expect in this book.
Chapter
Title
Page
1 Introduction to Forensic Odontology 1
2 Medical Autopsy 13
3 Forensic Odontology 29
4 Classification of Dental Remains 51
5 Role of Dental Professionals 59
6 Instrumentation 65
7 Crime Scene 75
8 Antemortem Records 81
9 Postmortem Records - The Dental Autopsy 89
10 Methods of Comparison and Identification 117
11 Mass Disaster 133
12 Facial Approximation 145
13 Odontoglyphics - Bitemarks 151
14 The Expert Witness 195
15 Psychological consequences 225
16 Professional Organizations 227
Final Note 231
Appendix 233
Bibliography 261
Index 265

Excerpts from the book:

Here are some excerpts from the book, so reader can get some ideas as to what is contained within the book. This is what the authors have to say in chapter 13 (Odontoglyphics - Bitemarks) - pages 158 onwards.

Bitemark Classification

Figure 13.8 Class I bite: multiple bites
Figure 13.8 Class I bite: multiple bites. (This figure appears on page 158 of this book. Please Click to enlarge)

The types of human bitemarks can vary greatly; they can be offensive, defensive, self-inflicted, or consensual. The wound, regardless of type, can be classified as human or animal. Animal bites are discussed later in the text but human bites in skin can be classified based on severity.

Class I

The pattern is diffuse. No individual tooth marks are identified. There may be one or both arches marking (Figure 13.8). It may appear as a diffuse bruised ring and may be of little or no evidentiary value for matching to a suspect (Figure 13.9a,b). The Class I bite may not even be identifiable as a human bitemark, only a round pattern injury. However, it may be of great value in other regards such as saliva, DNA, arch forms, and so on.

Figure 13.9a Class I bite: bite mark on arm
Figure 13.9a Class I bite: bite mark on arm. (This figure appears on page 159 of this book. Please Click to enlarge)
Figure 13.9b Class I bite: bite mark on cheek
Figure 13.9b Class I bite: bite mark on cheek. (This figure appears on page 159 of this book. Please Click to enlarge)
 

Class II

This bite wound has both class and some individual characteristics. The arches upper (maxillary) and lower (mandible) can be identified. Specific teeth maybe identified. A Class II bite may be used more for exclusion than for inclusion of a suspect (Figures 13.10 and 13.11).

Figure 13.10 Class II bite
Figure 13.10 Class II bite. (This figure appears on page 160 of this book. Please Click to enlarge)
Figure 13.11 Class II bite
Figure 13.11 Class II bite. (This figure appears on page 160 of this book. Please Click to enlarge)
 

Class III

This bite will show excellent tooth morphology in at least one arch. Specific teeth shapes and their position in the dental arch can be identified. This class of bitemark can produce a dental profile of the biter as in the Bundy case and will be used for both inclusion as well as exclusion (Figure 13.12). The third dimension or indentations may be present and can help estimate the time the bite was inflicted in relation to the time of death (Figure 13.13).

Figure 13.12 Class III bite
Figure 13.12 Class III bite. (This figure appears on page 161 of this book. Please Click to enlarge)
Figure 13.13 Class III bite
Figure 13.13 Class III bite. (This figure appears on page 161 of this book. Please Click to enlarge)
 

Class IV

This bite will be an incision or possibly an excision of the tissue. Blood is present on the surface and DNA may be contaminated. This class of bite is difficult if not impossible to get a profile of the teeth that caused it. However, a Class IV bite will almost always produce a permanent injury or disfigurement (Figure 13.14): the loss of a finger or an ear (Figure 13.15), or a permanent scar.

Figure 13.14 Class IV bite - one year old bite scar
Figure 13.14 Class IV bite - one year old bite scar (This figure appears on page 162 of this book. Please Click to enlarge)
Figure 13.15 Class IV bite on ear (avulsion)
Figure 13.15 Class IV bite on ear (avulsion) (This figure appears on page 162 of this book. Please Click to enlarge)
 

The book gives a host of similar information on all aspects of forensic odontology. We are sure our readers would enjoy the book as much as we at the journal office did.

Review by -Puneet Setia and Avneesh Gupta
Dr. Puneet Setia

 Dr. Puneet Setia is working as an Assistant Professor in the department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology at Vir Chandra Singh Garhwali Govt. Medical Science & Research Institute. His research interests include psychological aspects of sexual crimes and paraphilias. He is associated with Anil Aggrawal's Internet Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology as a writer and book reviewer. He can be contacted at puneetsetia@rediffmail.com

Dr. Avneesh Gupta

  Dr. Avneesh Gupta qualified as a forensic pathologist from India with honors and then completed his residency in forensic pathology in Wayne County, Detroit. He is now working as a Deputy Medical Examiner at Cochise County, Arizona. He has to his credit a number of publications in leading journals around the world. His landmark thesis on "Cranial Cerebral Damage In Fatal Road Traffic Accidents With Special Reference to Circle Of Willis" can be accessed by clicking here. He is associated with Anil Aggrawal's Internet Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology as a journal associate, writer and book reviewer. He can be contacted at avneeshgupta2000@yahoo.com. During his spare time, he enjoys meeting friends and traveling.






 

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-Anil Aggrawal





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  home  > Volume 10, Number 2, July - December 2009  > Reviews  > Technical Books  > page 9: Dental Autopsy   (you are here)
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